A recent SWIM-SM analysis of the current situation of the water sector in Egypt, particularly with regard to sanitation, revealed a number of areas where progress can be made, among which:

  • Participative management with users and stakeholders’ involvement
  • Decentralization of water management and sanitation
  • Sanitation in rural areas
  • The reuse of wastewater and its institutional framework and planning
  • The treatment of industrial waste and its institutional framework
  • Pricing of services
  • The waste water treatment plants (WWTP) sludge management and reuse including institutional and technical framework
  • Overall improved governance framework for the sanitation sector
  • Monitoring strategy, data collection and databases management in the water sector
  • Higher level of waste water treatment, rehabilitation of existing and investment in new WWTP

The assessment is based on available studies/documents and country missions that took place during the last quarter of 2012 and aimed at (a) illustrating the status of development and implementation of wastewater strategies, plan of actions and associated policies; (b) identifying achievements and success stories; (c) examining constraints and challenges; (d) identifying opportunities for advancing missing priority elements in the development and implementation efforts and (e) suggesting recommendations and proposed policy options to enhance the development and integration of wastewater national strategies into national water plans.

The assessment was followed by a one-day national consultation workshop involving all relevant stakeholders, who reviewed and validated the findings and provided guidance to ensure that the proposed priorities, policy options and recommendations address the country’s current and future needs.

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